A hound is a type of hunting dog used by hunters to track or chase prey.


Hounds can be contrasted with gun dogs that assist hunters by identifying prey and/or recovering shot quarry. The hound breeds were the first hunting dogs. They have either a powerful sense of smell, great speed, or both.
There are three types of hound, with several breeds type:

  • Sighthounds (also called gazehounds) follow prey predominantly by speed, keeping it in sight. These dogs are fast and assist hunters in catching game: fox, hare, deer, and elk.
  • Scenthounds follow prey or others (like missing people) by tracking its scent. These dogs have endurance, but are not fast runners.
  • The remaining breeds of hound follow their prey using both sight and scent. They are difficult to classify, as they are neither strictly sighthounds nor strictly scenthounds.

List of hound breeds

Related Breed